Saudi Arabia - Mina, a small valley located approximately five kilometers to the east of the Grand Mosque in Makkah, is an integral site for the Hajj pilgrimage, the annual Islamic event attended by millions of pilgrims from around the globe. The valley is renowned for its pivotal role during the Hajj, particularly during the Days of Tashreeq, when pilgrims partake in the ritual of the Stoning of the Devil at the Jamarat.

The landscape of Mina is dominated by vast arrays of white tents, specifically designed to accommodate the multitudes of pilgrims. These tents are fire-resistant and are equipped with essential amenities to ensure the safety and comfort of the pilgrims throughout their stay. This area, often referred to as the “Tent City,” spreading over an area with a capacity to accommodate more than 2.6 million people during the peak of the pilgrimage season.

The infrastructure in Mina is a marvel of modern engineering and logistics, designed to handle the enormous influx of visitors smoothly and efficiently. The site includes extensive networks of roads, bridges, and tunnels to facilitate the movement of pilgrims between Mina, Mount Arafat, and Muzdalifah — all critical sites of the Hajj ritual.

One of the notable features of Mina is the Jamarat Bridge Complex, an architectural feat that enables pilgrims to perform the stoning ritual safely. The bridge has multiple levels and is equipped to handle hundreds of thousands of pilgrims simultaneously. The design and construction of the bridge reflect a deep commitment to the safety and well-being of the pilgrims, minimizing the risks of overcrowding that have led to tragedies in the past.

The Mina valley also features advanced transport solutions, including the Mashaer Train, a light rail system that links the key sites of the Hajj. This train is crucial for the transport of pilgrims, especially given the physical demands of the pilgrimage and the extreme heat conditions typical during the Hajj season.

Overall, Mina stands as a testament to the Saudi government's dedication to facilitating a smooth and safe Hajj experience. Through continuous improvements and investments in infrastructure, Mina remains a central hub of spiritual activity and a symbol of Islamic unity during the Hajj.

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