NIDLP aims to boost the contribution of these sectors to $320 billion by 2030 to GDP, stimulate investments worth more than $426 billion, and increase the volume of non-oil exports to over $260 billion within an unspecified time period.
It also wants to generate 1.6 million new jobs.
"The programme will be an outstanding achievement within the economic diversification process led by your royal highness," Energy Minister Khalid al-Falih said at a day-long event where Prince Mohammed made a brief appearance.
"Those who bet on Saudi Arabia will not lose while your royal highness is steering."
Prince Mohammed, who did not deliver remarks but posed for selfies with attendees, has been the main driver of efforts to transform Saudi Arabia's economy and ease some social restrictions.
He has implemented reforms including ending a ban on women driving and opening cinemas in the conservative nation. But those moves have been accompanied by a crackdown on dissent, a purge of royals and businessmen on corruption charges, and a costly war in Yemen.
The killing of journalist Jamal Khashoggi in the Saudi consulate in Istanbul last year by a team of Saudi operatives provoked widespread revulsion and tarnished the image of the prince, who had won Western accolades for his reform push.
Among the announced deals, which included MOUs, was an agreement with French aerospace and defence company Thales and CMI of Belgium in military industry cooperation.
The Saudi Export Development Authority and the Saudi Industrial Development Fund reached a financing agreement worth $840 million for the construction of the Trans-Saudi Arabia plant in Jazan for basic and transformational industries, one of China’s flagship Belt and Road Initiatives.
Chemical companies Alrafiyah and Eastman Chemical of the United States agreed to set up a factory for hydrocarbon resins worth nearly $500 million.
The programme is also offering investment in projects such as plants that manufacture rubber, catalysts and vehicles.
The Saudi government will spend 100 billion riyals in 2019 and 2020 as part of its industrial development programme, according to NIDLP chief executive Aabed Abdullah al-Saadoun.
Transport minister Nabeel al-Amudi said the biggest challenge would be execution of major infrastructure projects.
"How to ensure that the riyal that you’re spending on capex or opex is being spent wisely, efficiently," he told Reuters on the sidelines. "That remains a challenge for sure: project execution."
($1 = 3.7503 riyals)
(Writing by Saeed Azhar; Editing by Andrew Cawthorne) ((Saeed.Azhar@thomsonreuters.com; +971 44536787; Reuters Messaging: firstname.lastname@example.org))