"As the largest driver of both methane from human activity and deforestation, the ambitions set at COP26 handed a big slice of responsibility to the food and agriculture sector," said FI Chair Jeremy Coller.
"Yet failures from methane to manure management underline the growing sense in the market that cows are the new coal."
In its fourth annual report, the group assessed 60 publicly listed animal protein producers worth a combined $363 billion on 10 environmental, social and governance-related (ESG) issues including emissions and antibiotic usage.
Among those to score highly were Norwegian aquaculture firms Mowi ASA and Grieg Seafood, while the highest ranking meat and dairy companies were Maple Leaf, Marfrig and Fonterra, all of which were defined as "low risk".
Fellow large producers including the world's biggest meatpacker JBS SA and Tyson Foods, meanwhile, were regarded as "medium risk."
JBS dropped points for reasons including its reporting on animal welfare and employee working conditions, while Tyson was marked down for reasons including that some of its sourcing is from regions at risk of deforestation, FAIRR said.
JBS told Reuters that boosting its ESG performance remained a priority. On FAIRR's ranking, JBS noted it ranked 11 out of 60 companies, with an overall score of 57%, representing a six percentage point improvement on 2020.
Tyson said it engaged with FAIRR and provided feedback about its commitments to preventing deforestation, including to begin sourcing verified deforestation free beef by the end of 2021, with complete transition of its Australasia sourcing by the end of 2025.
FAIRR makes the findings public so other investors can use them when they analyse company performance and in their engagement with company boards.
The report also found that 42 of 45 meat and dairy firms that source soy for animal feed from areas at high risk of deforestation, such as Brazil's Cerrado region, do not have a policy to mitigate deforestation.
The cattle industry has also done a poor job in monitoring its broader supply chain, the report said, and is currently missing up to 90% of the deforestation caused by indirect suppliers.
Nearly a third of the cattle bought by JBS in the Brazilian Amazon state of Para came from ranches with "irregularities" such as illegal deforestation, prosecutors found in a 2020 audit.
"The science is clear that to avoid runaway climate change high-emitting sectors such as agriculture must transform themselves in the next decade. Yet FAIRR's latest research shows how far the food sector has to go," said Eugenie Mathieu, senior analyst at Aviva investors.
(Additional reporting by Caroline Stauffer Editing by David Evans and Mark Potter) ((email@example.com; +44 (0) 207 542 5052; Reuters Messaging: Reuters Messaging: firstname.lastname@example.org))