DUBAI - Saudi Arabia has hired banks to arrange a global investor call ahead of a potential international bond issuance, as the Gulf's largest economy, and the world's top oil exporter, tries to plug a budget deficit caused by lower oil prices.
Saudi Arabia could issue up to $10 billion, banking sources said, in what would be its third international bond sale after a $17.5 billion debut international bond last year - the largest ever sold across emerging markets - and a $9 billion sukuk, or Islamic bond, issued in April.
In addition to the international debt markets, the Saudi government has recently raised debt financing from local investors through three monthly domestic sukuk sales started in July, which totaled 37 billion riyals ($9.9 billion).
The fundraising exercises are needed to cover a large budget deficit projected at 200 billion riyals for 2017.
The new international bond, a 144A/Regulation S senior unsecured transaction, could be issued as soon as this week, sources said. It is split into three tranches: a long-five year tranche, a long-10 year one and a 30-year tranche, a document issued by one of the banks leading the deal showed on Monday.
Goldman Sachs International, GIB Capital, HSBC, J.P. Morgan and MUFG have been appointed as joint lead managers and joint bookrunners.
In the presentation documents that the government made available to fixed income investors, and reviewed by Reuters, Saudi Arabia, rated A1 by Moody's and A+ by Fitch, said its economic fundamentals are "superior to those of its rating peers or other G20 members."
The government also boasts its "ample borrowing capacity" and "low external leverage" given that general government debt was only 13.1 percent of GDP in 2016, while its gross sovereign external debt amounted to 4.3 percent in 2016, the document showed.
The upcoming Saudi bond is expected to attract huge demand from global investors looking for long-term, high-yielding paper in a market still marked by low global interest rates. In its debut international issuance last year, demand for the Saudi bond was almost four times the $17.5 billion amount of the debt sale. ($1 = 3.7501 riyals)
(Reporting by Davide Barbuscia; editing by Jason Neely/Keith Weir) ((Davide.Barbuscia@thomsonreuters.com;))