Fitch rates Dubai Aerospace's Sukuk Programme and First Issue 'BBB-(EXP)'

The assignment of final ratings is contingent on the receipt of final documents being in line with the information received for the expected ratings


Fitch Ratings - London: Fitch Ratings has assigned Dubai Aerospace Enterprise (DAE) Limited's (DAE) USD2.5 billion trust certificate issuance programme, to be issued through DAE Sukuk (DIFC) Limited (DAE Sukuk), an expected programme rating of 'BBB-(EXP)'. Fitch has also assigned a 'BBB-(EXP) long-term rating to DAE Sukuk's planned inaugural issue under the programme. The assignment of final ratings is contingent on the receipt of final documents being in line with the information received for the expected ratings.

DAE Sukuk, also trustee, is a prescribed company incorporated in the Dubai International Financial Centre (DIFC). Maples Fund Services (Middle East) Limited, also incorporated in the DIFC, acts as its secretary and corporate administrator.

DAE's ratings are unaffected by today's rating action. This is principally because Fitch expects the proceeds of the planned issue to be used to reduce existing indebtedness and hence to be broadly neutral to leverage. Key rating drivers and rating sensitivities relating to DAE's ratings can be found in Fitch's most recent rating action commentary ('Fitch Affirms Dubai Aerospace Enterprise at 'BBB-'; Outlook Remains Negative') published on 9 July 2020 and available on


The programme ratings and the US dollar certificates' ratings issued under the programme are driven solely by DAE's Long-Term Issuer Default Rating (IDR) of 'BBB-'. This reflects Fitch's view that default of these senior unsecured obligations would reflect the default of DAE in accordance with the agency's rating definitions.

Fitch has given no consideration to any underlying assets or any collateral provided, as the agency believes that DAE Sukuk's ability to satisfy payments due on the certificates will ultimately depend on DAE satisfying its unsecured payment obligations to the issuer under the transaction documents described in the prospectus.

In addition to DAE's propensity to ensure repayment of the sukuk, in Fitch's view, DAE would also be required to ensure full and timely repayment of DAE Sukuk's obligations due to its various roles and obligations under the sukuk structure and documentation, especially - but not limited - to the features explained below.

- On each periodic distribution date, DAE as the service agent will apply amounts standing to the credit of a collection account (comprising all revenues in respect of the Wakala portfolio, including rental payments (pursuant to the underlying lease agreement with a lessee) and payment of any profit amount (as defined in the Murabaha agreement) (together the Wakala portfolio revenues) as paid by DAE (acting in its relevant capacities under the servicing agreement and the Murabaha agreement, as applicable, into the collection account)) in payment into the transaction account of an amount that is intended to be sufficient to fund the periodic distribution amount payable by the trustee under the certificates. Fitch notes that DAE can take other measures to ensure that there is no shortfall and that funding of the principal payment and the portfolio income is paid in full, and in a timely manner.

- On the scheduled dissolution date of the certificates, the aggregate amounts of the deferred sale price then outstanding, if any, shall become immediately due and payable by DAE; and the trustee will have the right under the purchase undertaking to require DAE (in its capacity as obligor) to purchase all of its rights, benefits, entitlements, title and interests in, to and under the Wakala assets. The exercise price payable by DAE (acting in its capacity as obligor) to the trustee in respect of the Wakala assets, together with the aggregate amounts of the deferred sale price then outstanding, if any, are intended to fund the dissolution distribution amount payable by the trustee under the certificates.

- The dissolution distribution amount equals (a) the sum of: (i) the outstanding face amount of such certificates; and (ii) any accrued but unpaid periodic distribution amounts for such certificates; or (b) such other amount specified in the applicable pricing supplement as being payable upon any dissolution date.

- The exercise price equals to the aggregate of: (a) the aggregate face amount of the certificates then outstanding on the relevant dissolution date; plus (b) an amount equal to all accrued and unpaid periodic distribution amounts (if any) relating to the certificates; plus (c) to the extent not previously satisfied in accordance with the service agency agreement, an amount equal to the sum of any outstanding (i) amounts repayable in respect of any liquidity facility; and (ii) any service agency liabilities amount; plus (d) without double counting, an amount representing any amounts payable by the trustee (in any capacity) under the transaction documents; plus (e) without double counting, any other amounts payable on redemption of the certificates as specified in the applicable pricing supplement; less (f) the aggregate amounts of deferred payment price then outstanding (if any) on the relevant dissolution date.

- In the event of total loss, if there is a short fall from the insurance proceeds, DAE will be required to pay for the shortfall.

- The payment obligations of DAE (in any capacity) under the transaction documents will be direct and unconditional, and shall at all times rank at least equally with all other unsecured and unsubordinated obligations of DAE, present and future.

The documentation includes a negative pledge provision that is binding on DAE, as well as financial reporting obligations, covenants, and a cross-acceleration clause. The documentation does not contain a change-of-control clause.

The transaction will be governed by English law. Fitch does not express an opinion on whether the relevant transaction documents are enforceable under any applicable law. However, Fitch's rating on the certificates reflects the agency's belief that DAE would stand behind its obligations.

When assigning ratings to the certificates to be issued, Fitch does not express an opinion on certificates' compliance with sharia principles.



The expected rating of the trust certificate issuance programme and certificates issued under the programme are principally sensitive to changes in DAE's Long-Term IDR. The ratings could also be sensitive to changes to the roles and obligations of DAE under the sukuk's structure and documents.

DAE's Long-Term IDR

Factors that could, individually or collectively, lead to negative rating action/downgrade:

a slower-than-expected recovery in air traffic as a result of prolonged impact from the coronavirus pandemic, leading to higher airline insolvencies, reduced propensity for government support, and increased capital-market volatility, thus limiting financing availability well into 2021. The magnitude of rating actions under such a scenario would be influenced by the extent to which DAE's liquidity coverage ratio is expected to fall below 1.0x, or by our expectation whether DAE's leverage will approach or exceed 3.0x.

Factors that could, individually or collectively, lead to positive rating action/upgrade:

A near-term upgrade is unlikely in view of the current Negative Outlook on the rating. However, the Rating Outlook could be revised to Stable if the health crisis eases in or before 2021 and is met with a general resumption of air travel and broader economic activity towards pre-coronavirus levels, combined with maintenance of liquidity coverage above 1.0x, and leverage in line with the company's 3x target.


The highest level of ESG credit relevance, if present, is a score of 3. This means ESG issues are credit-neutral or have only a minimal credit impact on the entity(ies), either due to their nature or to the way in which they are being managed by the entity(ies). For more information on Fitch's ESG Relevance Scores, visit


International scale credit ratings of Financial Institutions and Covered Bond issuers have a best-case rating upgrade scenario (defined as the 99th percentile of rating transitions, measured in a positive direction) of three notches over a three-year rating horizon; and a worst-case rating downgrade scenario (defined as the 99th percentile of rating transitions, measured in a negative direction) of four notches over three years. The complete span of best- and worst-case scenario credit ratings for all rating categories ranges from 'AAA' to 'D'. Best- and worst-case scenario credit ratings are based on historical performance. For more information about the methodology used to determine sector-specific best- and worst-case scenario credit ratings, visit [ ]



The principal sources of information used in the analysis are described in the Applicable Criteria.

Link to Rating Actions: Rating Actions

Media Relations: Louisa Williams, London, Tel: +44 20 3530 2452
Additional information is available on 

Send us your press releases to

© Press Release 2020

Disclaimer: The contents of this press release was provided from an external third party provider. This website is not responsible for, and does not control, such external content. This content is provided on an “as is” and “as available” basis and has not been edited in any way. Neither this website nor our affiliates guarantee the accuracy of or endorse the views or opinions expressed in this press release.

The press release is provided for informational purposes only. The content does not provide tax, legal or investment advice or opinion regarding the suitability, value or profitability of any particular security, portfolio or investment strategy. Neither this website nor our affiliates shall be liable for any errors or inaccuracies in the content, or for any actions taken by you in reliance thereon. You expressly agree that your use of the information within this article is at your sole risk.

To the fullest extent permitted by applicable law, this website, its parent company, its subsidiaries, its affiliates and the respective shareholders, directors, officers, employees, agents, advertisers, content providers and licensors will not be liable (jointly or severally) to you for any direct, indirect, consequential, special, incidental, punitive or exemplary damages, including without limitation, lost profits, lost savings and lost revenues, whether in negligence, tort, contract or any other theory of liability, even if the parties have been advised of the possibility or could have foreseen any such damages.

More From Press Releases