SYDNEY/LONDON- Shares were generally flat on Monday in thin trading ahead of the U.S. Thanksgiving holiday later in the week and in the absence of major data releases that could give markets direction, while the dollar slipped against major currencies.

Europe's benchmark STOXX index was flat, while U.S. futures edged up .

The dollar index bottomed out at 103.53, its weakest level since the start of September, as investors appeared to solidify bets that U.S. interest rates have peaked and that the Federal Reserve could start cutting rates next year.

Asian stock markets earlier in the day were livelier as Japanese shares hit highs not seen since 1990, thanks to strong earnings and offshore demand which fuelled a three-week winning streak.

Japan's Nikkei ran into profit taking at the peak but was still up 8.2% for the month so far with the Topix not far behind.

Meanwhile there were media reports that Israel, the United States and Hamas had reached a tentative agreement to free dozens of hostages in Gaza in exchange for a five-day pause in fighting, but no confirmation as yet.

Black Friday sales will test the pulse of the consumer-driven U.S. economy this week, while the upcoming Thanksgiving holiday made for thin markets.

The flow of U.S. economic data turns to a trickle this week, but minutes of the Federal Reserve's last meeting will offer some colour on policy makers' thinking as they held rates steady for a second time.

"Dovish minutes could trigger some downside risk for the dollar; otherwise, the economic calendar for the week looks relatively uneventful for the greenback," Ricardo Evangelista, senior analyst at ActivTrades, said.

Signs of progress in the battle against inflation in the United States have driven a recovery in stocks this year as investors hope for an end to the cycle of rate hikes that have been policymakers' main tool for fighting price increases on goods.

The S&P is now up nearly 18% for the year and less than 2% away from its July peak.

Yet analysts at Goldman Sachs note the "Magnificent 7" mega cap stocks have returned 73% for the year so far, compared with just 6% for the remaining 493 firms.

"We expect the mega-cap tech stocks will continue to outperform given their superior expected sales growth, margins, re-investment ratios, and balance sheet strength," they wrote in a note. "But the risk/reward profile is not especially compelling given elevated expectations."

Tech major Nvidia reports quarterly results on Tuesday, and all eyes will be on the state of demand for its AI-related products.


Markets have all but priced out the risk of a further U.S. rate hike in December or next year, and imply a 30% chance of an easing starting in March. Futures also imply around 100 basis points of cuts for 2024, up from 77 basis points before the benign October inflation report shook markets.

Yields on benchmark 10-year Treasuries rose 5 basis points on the day to 4.484%, having dropped 19 basis points last week and away from October's 5.02% high.

There was relief in Europe as well for some battered sovereign names, as the risk premia investors ask to hold Italian and Portuguese debt fell after ratings agency Moody's upgraded its view of the two countries.

It upgraded the outlook for Italy from negative to stable, and pushed Portugal's long-term issuer rating up two notches to A3 from Baa2, narrowing the spreads on both bonds relative to the region's benchmark German 10-year bonds.

Closely watched surveys of European manufacturing are due this week and any hint of weakness will encourage more wagers n early rate cuts from the European Central Bank.

"These surveys will be very important around the euro area services sector given the sharp deterioration seen recently," said analysts at NAB. "If another soft print eventuates, expect pricing for ECB cuts to extend beyond the current 100bps of cuts being priced for 2024."

Markets imply around a 70% chance of an easing as soon as April, even though many ECB officials are still talking of the need to keep policy tight for longer.

Sweden's central bank meets this week and may hike again, given high inflation and the weakness of its currency.

In commodity markets, oil rebounded from four-month lows on Friday amid speculation OPEC+ will extend, or increase, its production cuts at a meeting on Nov. 26.

Brent rose 1.7% to $81.95 a barrel, while U.S. crude rose 1.66% to $77.15.

Gold eased 0.4% to $1,971 an ounce, having climbed 2.2% last week.

(Reporting by Wayne Cole and Lawrence White; Editing by Lincoln Feast, Susan Fenton and Sharon Singleton)