LONDON - Euro zone government bond yields fell broadly on Tuesday, after inflation in Spain and in five key German states eased this month, offering investors encouragement that the worst of the region's consumer price pressures may soon be over.
In North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany's most populous state, annual inflation slowed this month to 10.4% from 11.0% in October. Inflation also eased slightly in Baden-Wuerttemberg, Bavaria, Brandenburg and Hesse.
German 10-year yields fell as much as 12 basis points to a session low of 1.876%. They were last down 11 basis points at 1.888%, while those on the two-year Schatz fell 12 bps to 2.063%.
Meanwhile, a preliminary reading of Spanish consumer inflation came in at 6.8% in November, below forecasts for a rise of 7.4% and down from October's 7.3% rate.
"The market is currently in a mood where it reacts more strongly to downside surprises than upside ones," Nordea strategist Jan von Gerich said.
"It’s clear it’s the driver."
Spanish two-year yields dropped 9 bps to 2.317%, while the yield on the 10-year Bono fell 11 bps to 2.882%.
Italian 10-year yields, meanwhile, fell 13 bps to 3.786%, leaving their premium to benchmark Bunds at 188.4 bps, near its widest in a week.
Italy's 10-year borrowing costs fell to their lowest in three months at auction on Tuesday. The government sold a planned 4.25 billion euros ($4.41 billion) over two bonds, one of which was a 3-billion euro 10-year issue maturing in May 2033, which fetched 3.96% - the lowest yield since August.
Energy prices, which have soared since Russia - a major natural gas supplier to Europe - invaded Ukraine in February, are up heavily year-on-year in major consuming nations such as Germany and France.
But they're down fairly sharply from this year's peaks. German baseload power for 2023 delivery has edged up in the last couple of weeks, but is still a third of what it was in August, at the depths of the crunch.
Nonetheless, European Central Bank President Christine Lagarde said on Monday that inflation has not peaked in the euro zone, and, if anything, the risk was that it could be even higher than expected, hinting at more rate hikes ahead.
"The November inflation readings (Spain and Germany today, the eurozone tomorrow) could bring a down tick but might not be enough to conclude that inflation has peaked," ING strategists led by Antoine Bouvet said in a note.
"Between the lines, it seems the central bank’s communication is increasingly preparing markets for a recession, and for the risk that hikes have to continue regardless."
Longer-term market-based expectations for the path of inflation show investors expect another pickup, after having prepared for the possibility that price pressures may have peaked. Consumer inflation is currently running at 10.6%, more than five times the ECB's target of 2%.
The ECB meets on Dec. 15 and investors are currently split 60/40 over whether it will raise interest rates by 75 bps or by 50 bps, according to Refinitiv data.
(Editing by William Maclean and Bernadette Baum )