The U.S. dollar hit its highest in almost five months on Tuesday as stronger-than-expected economic data caused investors to rein in their bets on a June rate cut, boosting the currency.

Fears of intervention by Japanese officials slowed the dollar's gains against the yen, however, even as long-term U.S. Treasury yields - which the currency pair tends to track - jumped to a two-week top overnight.

The dollar index rose to 105.1 on Tuesday, its highest level since Nov. 14, adding to sharp gains on Monday after U.S. data unexpectedly showed the first expansion in manufacturing since September 2022. It last stood at 104.92, down very slightly.

The euro fell to its lowest since mid-February at the end of the Asian session but was last little changed at $1.0745 . Data on Tuesday showed that the euro zone factory downturn deepened again in March.

Sterling ticked up from near its lowest since December to $1.2563 after data showed its manufacturing sector brightened last month.

Monday's U.S. ISM manufacturing survey data featured a sharp rise in a measure of prices in the sector, adding to investors' concerns that inflation will be slow to fall back to 2%, delaying the Federal Reserve's first rate cut.

Fed Chair Jerome Powell on Friday said the central bank was in no hurry to lower borrowing costs after data showed a key measure of inflation rose slightly in February.

"This (dollar) strength is an extension of the move seen late last week when the Federal Reserve's Christopher Waller delivered a less dovish speech," said Chris Turner, head of global markets at ING.

Turner said U.S. job openings data could weigh on the dollar later in the day if it shows a fall in vacancies.

"Any reversal in this dollar strength - if it does come - will have to be data-driven," he said.


The Japanese yen was last flat at 151.67 per dollar, after earlier dipping to 151.79. It has traded in a tight range since reaching a 34-year trough of 151.975 on Wednesday, which spurred Japan to step up warnings of intervention.

On Tuesday, Finance Minister Shunichi Suzuki reiterated that he would not rule out any options to respond to disorderly currency moves.

Japanese authorities intervened in 2022 when the yen slid toward a 32-year low of 152 to the dollar.

The yen's decline has come despite the Bank of Japan's first interest rate hike since 2007 last month, with officials cautious about further tightening amid a fragile exit from decades of deflation.

Officials are "wary of backing themselves into a corner by drawing a line in the sand at 152", said Nicholas Chia, Asia macro strategist at Standard Chartered.

"The rationale of jawboning and intervening in FX markets is mainly to buy time for the JPY in the hopes that USD strength wanes and recedes."

Elsewhere, China's yuan fell to a 4-1/2-month low as a strong dollar offset selling of the U.S. currency by state-owned banks. The yuan fell to a low of 7.2364 per dollar on the day, its weakest level since mid-November.

Bitcoin declined 6.5% to $65,250 following a sudden drop of more than $3,000 in the space of about 15 minutes in the highly volatile cryptocurrency.

The Swiss franc hit its lowest since the start of November at 0.909 to the dollar. It has dropped around 2.5% since the Swiss National Bank unexpectedly cut interest rates on March 21.

(Reporting by Harry Robertson in London and Kevin Buckland in Tokyo. Additional reporting by Ankur Banerjee. Editing by Sam Holmes, Lincoln Feast and Ed Osmond)