DEL RIO, Texas/CIUDAD ACUNA, Mexico - U .S. border agents are removing groups of mostly Haitian migrants from a large makeshift camp they had set up after wading across the Rio Grande separating Mexico and the United States, as the first repatriation flight arrived in Haiti on Sunday.

The sprawling camp under the international bridge attracted more than 12,000 migrants at one point and marked a new challenge for U.S. authorities, who have sought to reduce the flow of Central Americans and now many Haitians who have fled rampant poverty, gang violence and natural disasters back home.

U.S. authorities have moved 3,300 migrants since Friday from Del Rio, Texas, and announced a new daily schedule of flights to the Haitian capital, Port-au-Prince, where some officials expressed concern on Sunday for a potentially large influx of returning migrants in the next few days.

"Over the next six to seven days, our goal is to process the 12,662 migrants that we have underneath that bridge as quickly as we possibly can," U.S. Border Patrol Chief Raul Ortiz told a news conference in Del Rio, Texas.

He said the United States was working with countries through which the migrants had transited to get them to accept those who had been awaiting immigration processing under the bridge that links Del Rio with Ciudad Acuna, Mexico.

Migrants were continuing to cross the river over the weekend despite heightened security on the U.S. side that on Sunday included horse-mounted agents, one of whom was seen swinging a rope at a person wading in the Rio Grande.

One Venezuelan migrant, who asked to remain anonymous because he was frightened of risking his petition for asylum, said he saw many Haitians return to Mexico to avoid being sent back to Haiti.


Officials on both sides of the border have said most of the migrants were from Haiti, the poorest country in the Americas and hard hit by disasters in recent years, including a major earthquake last month.

Many Haitians told Reuters they had been in South America, including Brazil and Chile, before deciding to head north because they could not attain legal status or struggled with racism and landing jobs.

A bus escorted by U.S. border agents entered the Del Rio airport earlier on Sunday, and a group could be seen boarding a Coast Guard plane. A police source said the people were migrants and a source familiar with airport operations said the aircraft was heading to El Paso, Texas.

Tom Cartwright of the advocacy group Witness at the Border who tracks repatriation flights, said three flights left Texas bound for Haiti on Sunday.

Alejandro Mayorkas, head of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS), told reporters on Sunday that the flights to Haiti had started earlier in the day and would continue daily.

DHS previously said it was accelerating repatriations to Haiti and sending more border agents to Del Rey, where conditions under the bridge have grown increasingly squalid.

On Sunday around midday, mounted border patrol officers galloped to block the path of migrants scrambling up the U.S. bank carrying plastic bags and cardboard boxes of food.

One officer swung a rope like a lasso close to the face of a migrant in the water, Reuters images showed. The U.S. officers then strung yellow tape across that section of the bank, but migrants proceeded to cross at a deeper point.


Advocates like Cartwright sharply criticized the ramping up of repatriation flights to Haiti.

But in his brief remarks, Mayorkas stressed that the Haitian government had "communicated quite clearly to us its ability to receive the flights" and said the U.S. government is providing funding to Haiti to help. He did not specify the amount.

On Saturday, Haitian Prime Minister Ariel Henry said "arrangements have already been made" to receive those who were being returned to the Caribbean nation.

"We have no choice at this point but to increase repatriation flights," said Mayorkas, adding that the flights would take migrants either to Haiti or "possibly other countries."

A Haitian immigration official, who was not authorized to speak to media, said the country was not prepared for an influx of possibly thousands of returning migrants.

A sweeping U.S. public health order known as Title 42, issued under the Trump administration at the beginning of the pandemic, allows most migrants to be quickly expelled without a chance to claim asylum.

President Joe Biden has kept that rule in place, although he exempted unaccompanied minors and his administration has not been expelling most families. Biden had promised a more humane immigration approach than that of his predecessor.

A U.S. judge ruled last week the policy could not be applied to families, but the ruling does not go into effect for two weeks and the Biden administration has appealed.

Typically, migrants can turn themselves in at the border and claim asylum, triggering a long court process. But the Trump administration whittled away at protections, arguing many asylum seekers did not qualify.

(Reporting by Daina Solomon in Ciudad Acu?a and Alexandra Ulmer in Del Rio; Additional reporting by David Alire Garcia, Maria Caspani, Kristina Cooke, Mica Rosenberg and Gessika Thomas; Editing by Donna Bryson, Daniel Wallis and Peter Cooney) ((; +52 55 5282 7151; Reuters Messaging: