General of the Army Douglas MacArthur signs the Instrument of Surrender, as Supreme Allied Commander, on board the U.S. Navy battleship USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay, Japan September 2, 1945. Behind him are Lieutenant General Jonathan M. Wainwright, U.S. Army, and Lieutenant General Sir Arthur E. Percival, British Army, both of whom had just been released from Japanese prison camps. Officers in the front row, from Percival on, are (L-R): Vice Admiral John S. McCain; Vice Admiral John H. Towers; Admiral Richmond K. Turner; Admiral William F. Halsey; Rear Admiral Robert B. Carney; Rear Admiral Forrest Sherman; General Walter C. Krueger; General Robert L. Eichelberger; General Carl A. Spaatz and General George C. Kenney. U.S. Army Signal Corps/U.S. National Archives.