12 June 2017
More than a technology, blockchain is often described as a revolution, with the potential to transform finance. Investments in this innovative technology are constantly increasing in the region, and organisations in the Middle East, from governments to financial institutions, are launching countless initiatives to develop potential applications.
An emerging but promising technology
Dubai announced earlier this year that it aims to become the world's first blockchain-powered city by 2020. Why? Because its government believes blockchain will make public services more efficient and help promote entrepreneurship due to the competitive advantage it offers.
The emirate believes that industries that will benefit from Blockchain technology include: real estate, fintech and banking, healthcare, transportation, urban planning, smart energy, digital commerce and tourism.
This is quite an achievement given that less than 10 years ago, no one had heard of this technology.
It all started during the middle of the credit crisis, when, in 2008, amid general distrust in banks and a desire to do finance differently, software developer Satoshi Nakamoto (whose identity remains unknown to this day) unveiled a new digital currency, Bitcoin, powered by a new type of decentralised technology called blockchain.
Blockchain is best described as a mutually distributed ledger. All the records of the ledger, known as blocks, are written continuously, chronologically and publicly on the database, which means the system is potentially safer and more efficient than previous transactional systems.
"The major forces driving the blockchain market are transparency and immutability, and reduced total cost of ownership. The blockchain market is growing rapidly because of the high adoption of this distributed ledger technology across various applications such as payments, smart contracts, exchanges, digital identities, and documentation," Marketsandmarkets says.
The research firm estimates the global blockchain market will grow from U.S.$210.2 million in 2016 to U.S.$2.3billion by 2021, an annual growth rate of 61.5 percent.
Increased transparency in finance
By removing the need for intermediaries, blockchain protocol gives a very high level of control. Its transparency also gives finance professionals precious insights into financial transactions.
It could make processes like reconciling inter-company accounts and resolving financial disputes with a client or vendor much easier. It could help CFOs plan better, as they would not have to wait for a payment to clear, or set aside collateral to cover counterparty risk.
Blockchain can basically ease finance. In cross-border payments, it could be used to replace the traditional SWIFT network and cut transaction fees significantly. It offers a convenient way to send money cheaply and efficiently, to facilitate remittance flows.
"Blockchain technology enables fast, cheap and frictionless processes within organisations, and between organisations and their partners, e.g. through near real-time settlement, improved information sharing, reliable tracing of any document or other item, instant proofs of any part of a process occurring and less chance of error and fraud," sums up Janina Lowisz, chief marketing officer at Bitcoin remittance platform Cashaa.
This is the core proposition of smart contracts, computer protocols that can self-execute contractual agreements, thereby automating the entire agreement process. In businesses with heavy supply chains, the benefits in terms of efficiency and costs could be immense.
However, adoption by finance professionals is currently very slow. An Oxford Economics global survey of CFOs and finance executives released in April 2017 showed that only 7 percent of finance executives currently rate blockchain as an important core technology to their finance function's successful performance.
As with any new and disruptive technology, there is always a lot of scepticism to start with. However, as the internet has taught us, only the companies that embrace change will succeed in the long term.
© Oracle 2017