About 100,000 civilians remain trapped there in harrowing conditions, with little food, water and medicine and limited access to hospitals, according to the United Nations.
“This will be a terrifying time for around 100,000 people still trapped in Mosul’s Old City ... now at risk of getting caught up in the fierce street fighting to come,” the International Rescue Committee said in a statement.
“This is the final chapter” in the offensive to take Mosul, said Lt. Gen. Abdel-Ghani al-Assadi, commander of the Counter Terrorism Service elite units spearheading the assault.
A U.S.-led international coalition is providing air and ground support to the campaign.
Several airstrikes during the day hit a medical complex located just north of the Old City, alongside the western bank of the Tigris River, a Reuters TV reporter said.
Armored vehicles were heading toward the front line north of the Old City as shelling and gunfire could be heard.
The medical complex, housing the two biggest hospitals of Mosul, is still held in part by the militants who are using its buildings as sniper outposts.
Daesh’s security services chief in the Old City, Kanaan Jiyad Abdullah, also known as Abu Amna, was killed in the morning clashes, Hisham al-Hashimi, who advises several Middle East governments on Daesh affairs, told Reuters.
A high-ranking Daesh figure in charge of intelligence in Mosul, Shakir Mahmoud Hamad, was captured by the advancing troops in the Old City, Hashimi told Reuters. The Iraqi government initially hoped to take Mosul by the end of 2016, but the campaign took longer as militants reinforced positions in the middle of civilians to fight back. Daesh is also using suicide car and motorbike bombs, booby traps and sniper and mortar fire against the troops.
“The buildings of the old town are particularly vulnerable to collapse even if they aren’t directly targeted, which could lead to even more civilian deaths than the hundreds killed so far in airstrikes across the rest of the city,” the IRC said.
“We are trying to be very careful, using only light and medium weapons ... to avoid casualties among civilians,” CTS commander Maj. Gen. Maan Saadi told Iraqi state TV.
Hundreds of civilians were killed near the front lines in the past three weeks while fleeing the Old City, as Iraqi forces could not fully secure exit corridors.
“We expect thousands of families to escape from the Old City. We made all preparations to evacuate them from the front lines,” army Col. Salam Faraj told Reuters.
Daesh snipers are shooting at families trying to flee on foot or by boat across the Tigris River, as part of a tactic to keep civilians as human shields, the United Nations said Friday.
The Iraqi army estimates that the number of Daesh fighters in the Old City does not exceed 300, down from nearly 6,000 when the battle of Mosul started on Oct. 17.
“The operation now is about street fighting. Air and artillery strikes will be limited because the area is heavily populated and the buildings fragile,” CTS spokesman Sabah al-Numan told Al-Hadath TV in Dubai.
Iraqi government forces regained eastern Mosul in January, then a month later began the offensive on the side located west of the Tigris, which includes the Old City.
The fall of Mosul would, in effect, mark the end of the Iraqi half of the “caliphate” that Daesh leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi declared in a speech from the Al-Nouri Mosque in the Old City three years ago and that had covered parts of Iraq and Syria.
Perched on the bank of the Tigris and protected for centuries by 11th-century ramparts, medieval Mosul was a key meeting point for merchants from India, Persia and the Mediterranean. Today, the 3-square-kilometer district is a maze of alleys lined with stone houses, small shops and the workshops of local carpenters, weavers and metalworkers.
It contains numerous markets, churches and mosques, the most emblematic of which is the grand Al-Nouri Mosque. Decorated with geometric brick patterns, it is an emblem not just of Mosul but of Iraq and appears on the 10,000 dinar bill.
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