Three men who made discoveries relating to how our bodies respond to oxygen have been awarded the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
The Secretary General of the prize committee Thomas Perlmann made the announcement on Monday (October 7) morning.
(SOUNDBITE) (English) SECRETARY-GENERAL OF NOBEL COMMITTEE FOR PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE, THOMAS PERLMANN, SAYING:
"The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet has today decided to award the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine jointly to William Kaelin, Sir Peter Ratcliffe and Gregg Semenza for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability."
The institute says the scientists - two from the U.S. and one from the UK - established the basis for understanding how oxygen levels affect cellular metabolism and physiological functions, and that applications of their findings are already starting to affect the way medicine is practiced.
It could, they say, help create new ways to fight diseases like anemia and cancer.
The winners will share not just the title but almost one million dollars of prize money for their work.