HONG KONG: Asian shares were down while the U.S. dollar held strong on Tuesday, as Treasury yields spiked to a three year high ahead of U.S. inflation data which could foreshadow even more aggressive interest rate hikes from the Federal Reserve.
MSCI's broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan was down 0.3%, after U.S. stocks ended the previous session with mild losses.
Australian shares were down 0.65%, while Japan's Nikkei stock index slid 1.5%.
Higher U.S. bond yields were supporting the dollar, with the U.S. currency's index measure against six peers moving back over 100 to test last week's near-two year high.
The Japanese currency bore the brunt of the losses against the greenback, which rose to 125.77 yen overnight, its highest since June 2015.
The yen has been under the gun over recent months as the Bank of Japan has committed to ultra easy policy even as many other major central banks, led by the Fed, have embarked on tightening monetary conditions.
The euro was buffeted by politics, unable to hold onto gains from its mini-relief rally on Monday after French leader Emmanuel Macron beat far-right challenger Marine Le Pen in the first round of presidential voting.
It was last steady at $1.087. "U.S stocks fell on Monday as investors grew increasingly concerned a three-year high in the benchmark US 10-year Treasury yield would start to slow the economy, and looked ahead to the upcoming earnings season for signs of what impact inflation is having on corporate profits," Ord Minnett research analysts wrote to clients on Tuesday.
China's markets gained ground as signs emerged that some of the strict restrictions were starting to ease across the country's financial capital.
World markets have been hit hard in the past few months on worries the Ukraine war, Fed's tightening and China's tough new COVID-19 restrictions could set back global growth.
Hong Kong's Hang Seng Index gained 0.6% in early trade on Tuesday, while China's bluechip CSI300 Index was up 0.4%.
Tech stocks weighed on Wall Street during Monday's session as the Dow Jones Industrial Average (.DJI) fell 1.19%, the S&P 500 (.SPX) lost 1.69% and the Nasdaq Composite (.IXIC) dropped 2.18%. All 11 S&P 500 sectors fell.
Economists polled by Reuters forecast the U.S. consumer price index (CPI) on Tuesday would post an 8.4% year-over-year increase in March.
NatWest Markets economists have forecast a 1.1% month-on-month jump in the headline inflation figure which would be the largest monthly gain since June 2008.
"We're quite hawkish in terms of U.S rate hikes and we think it's not just the amount of tightening but the pace which is going to impact investors," Elizabeth Tian, Citigroup's equity derivatives director in Sydney told Reuters.
"Equities markets have been very resilient and quite relaxed compared to the fixed income markets but we're expecting at the Fed's May meeting there will be some kind of announcement in term of quantitative easing tapering and that is when we could see the volatility emerging in equities.
"The question is going to be how do markets react to the velocity of rate hikes we could see."
Early in the Asian session, the yield on benchmark 10-year Treasury notes rose to 2.8107% compared with its U.S. close of 2.782% on Monday.
The two-year yield, which rises with traders' expectations of higher Fed fund rates, touched 2.5242% compared with a U.S. close of 2.508%.
U.S. crude ticked up 0.85% to $95.09 a barrel. Brent crude rose to $99.18 per barrel.
Gold was slightly lower. Spot gold was traded at $1951.45 per ounce.
(Reporting by Scott Murdoch in Hong Kong Editing by Shri Navaratnam)