Mar 23 2012
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Petrochemical Feedstock Supply in the Middle East Affected by Natural Gas Scarcity
The new report* found that the Middle East is now facing a natural gas scarcity due to increasing demand and inefficient utilization of subsidized natural gas by the energy intensive industries, which has led to the restriction of supplies and posed a subsequent threat to the global petrochemical market.
Huge natural gas resources and cheaper feedstock availability turned the Middle East into the hub of the global petrochemical industry over the last decade by making the region the most competitive in the world. Middle Eastern petrochemical producers use natural gas as a key feedstock due to the availability of subsidies. This means that natural gas in Middle Eastern countries can be as much as 60-70% cheaper than natural gas found in Europe and North America.
In addition, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) quota limits crude oil production, thereby also limiting associated natural gas production. Despite all Gulf countries producing more than their allotted quota, production is insufficient to meet burgeoning demand from the power, transportation and petrochemical sectors.
*Petrochemical Industry - Key Geographies Experiencing Change in Feedstock Scenario
The study provides an in-depth analysis of the petrochemical feedstock supply scenario in key locations, while explaining the reasons for a decrease in the supply of ethane feedstock in geographies such as the Middle East and Canada. It also explains the impact of new oil and gas discoveries on the petrochemicals industries in countries such as the US, Brazil and Canada. The study provides the basic petrochemicals (ethylene, propylene, butadiene, benzene, toluene, xylenes and methanol) capacity split by feedstock for all the five regions. The report highlights the change in the supply trend of petrochemical feedstock sources such as natural gas and crude oil. The report is built using data and information sourced from proprietary databases, primary and secondary research and in-house analysis by GlobalData's research team of industry experts.
GlobalData is a leading global business intelligence provider offering advanced analytics to help clients make better, more informed decisions every day. Our research and analysis is based on the expert knowledge of over 700 qualified business analysts and 25,000 interviews conducted with industry insiders every year, enabling us to offer the most relevant, reliable and actionable strategic business intelligence available for a wide range of industries.
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