Iraq’s war with IS has disrupted trade ties and led to huge losses in economic output.
A new government ushered in Bahrain earlier this month must focus on the economy even as the political stalemate continues to rein in investor confidence in the country.
Low oil prices could help Egypt's public finances, but may also lead to reduced support from GCC states.
A rebounding property market and rising education fees can erode benefits, according to a EIU report.
Tunisia took a step closer to full democracy with last month's parliamentary elections but the new government will face tough economic challenges.